The European Union’s banking watchdog said on Wednesday that about a hundred high-paid bankers fled Britain ahead of the country’s exit from the bloc, the latest proof of how Brexit has changed Europe’s financial sector and tax base.
In its annual survey of bankers earning a million euros ($1.17 million) or more a year, the European Banking Authority (EBA) found that Britain lost 95 high earners in 2019.
The country still accounted for 71% of the 4,963 bankers in the top pay category across the bloc in 2019 in a sign of how London remained by far Europe’s biggest financial centre, with a total of 380,000 people employed in Britain’s banking industry according to figures from TheCityUK.
The million euro threshold includes basic pay, bonuses, long-term awards and pension contributions.
Britain fully left the EU’s orbit in December 2020 and by that time many banks and other financial firms had relocated over 7,000 staff from London to new or expanded hubs in the bloc to ensure customers retained full access to the EU financial market.
The moves boosted the number of top earners to 492 from from 450 in Germany, to 270 from from 234 in France, and to 241 from 206 in Italy, the EBA said.
“The increase of high earners resulted mostly from the impact of the relocation of staff from the UK to EU27 as part of Brexit preparations,” the EBA said in a report.
Most of the EU’s top earning bankers were based in its main financial centres Frankfurt, Paris and Milan, with other locations in single digits or low double digits.
The EU capped on banker bonuses in 2014 at than twice the amount of basic pay with shareholder approval, a measure that Britain opposed at the time but has so far left intact since Brexit.