| 21 April 2024, Sunday |

UK economy shows signs of strain from surging prices

The British economy expanded by less than anticipated in July, with a decline in power production possibly reflecting the sharp increase in energy prices and the construction industry also suffering from the spike in inflation, according to official data released on Monday.

From June, the gross domestic product increased by 0.2%. According to a Reuters poll of economists, July saw a 0.4% increase from one month to the next.

In the three months to July, GDP was flat compared with the previous three-month period.

“Anecdotal evidence suggests that there may be some signs of changes in consumer behavior and lower demand in response to increased prices,” the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said regarding a fall in power generation.

Electricity prices leapt by 54% in the 12 months to July, part of the surge in power costs that last week led to new Prime Minister Liz Truss announcing a cap on domestic energy tariffs.

That announcement has reduced the risk of a severe hit to the economy, albeit at a cost of 100 billion pounds ($116.16 billion) or more to the already stretched public finances.

Last month, the Bank of England forecast that Britain would slip into a recession at the end of 2022 and not come out of it until early 2024, due in large part to the hit to living standards from the energy price surge.

The BoE is expected to raise interest rates again on Sept. 22 as it seeks to combat an inflation rate above 10%.

A heat-wave in July might also have been a factor behind the fall in power demand although there were signs that it boosted ice cream manufacturers and visits to amusement parks and golf clubs, the ONS said.

Services output grew by a monthly 0.4% in July but industrial production was down 0.3% and construction dropped by 0.8%, reflecting the jump in prices for materials, part of the broader inflation surge, as well as lost working hours because of the hot weather.

Gross domestic production fell by 0.6% in June, which included two days of public bank holidays to celebrate the late Queen Elizabeth’s 70 years on the British throne.

But an ONS spokesperson said the impact of the holidays was not a big factor in July.

Separate trade figures also showed the impact of soaring prices with the value of imports of fuel hitting an all-time high of 11 billion pounds in July and representing a record 21% of all goods imports.

  • Reuters