| 21 July 2024, Sunday |

Discovery of tombs dating back to 3 stages of Egyptian civilizations

The archaeological mission working in the antiquities area of ​​the Egyptian governorate of Dakahlia discovered 110 tombs dating from three different phases of ancient Egyptian civilizations.

The matter is related to the civilization of Lower Egypt, known as “Bhutto 1 and 2,” and the Naqada III civilization, and the second transition era, known as the “Hyksos” period, during archaeological excavations in the Kom al-Khalijan area in the Dakahlia Governorate.

The Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Mustafa Waziri, indicated that this discovery is an important historical and archaeological addition to the site.

And 68 of the tombs that were found, dating back to the stage of the civilization of Lower Egypt, and five tombs from the era of Naqada III and 37 of them from the era of the Hyksos

 Mustafa Waziri said that excavations are continuing to reveal more secrets of this region.

Ayman Ashmawy, head of the Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said that the excavated tombs are oval-shaped pits cut in the sandy island of the region.

According to the same speaker, people were buried inside it in a squatting position; Most of the bodies were lying on the left side, with their heads facing west.

It is reported that a burial of a baby was discovered inside a pottery vessel from the Poto II period, with a small spherical pottery vessel placed with it.

Ashmawy explained that the five tombs dating back to the Naqada III period are also oval-shaped pits cut in the island’s sandy layer, including two tombs whose sides, bottom and roof were covered with a layer of mud.

Inside the pits, the mission found a group of funerary furniture characteristic of this period, which are cylindrical and pear-shaped vessels, in addition to the kohl bowl, the surface of which was decorated with drawings and geometric shapes, and on it was found a small mass of shafts that was used for the kohl dish.

Head of the Central Department of Lower Egypt at the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Nadia Khader said that 31 of the tombs of the second transition period (the Hyksos period) are semi-rectangular pits with depths ranging between 20 cm and 85 cm, and are distinguished by that all their burials are in an extended position with the head facing To the west, face up