SAWT BEIRUT INTERNATIONAL

| 1 February 2023, Wednesday |

43rd session of GCC supreme council issues final communique

The final communique of the Supreme Council of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) was issued in its 43rd session, as follows:
1. The Supreme Council thanked His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for assuming the presidency of the meeting of the Supreme Council in its 43rd session, expressing its appreciation for the keenness and interest mentioned in his opening speech to activate the march of cooperation among the GCC countries in all fields.
2. The Supreme Council expressed its deep appreciation and gratitude for the great and sincere efforts exerted by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, and his esteemed government, during the presidency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the 42nd session, and the important steps and achievements that were achieved. The Council congratulated Sultan Haitham bin Tariq of the Sultanate of Oman, on the Sultanate of Oman’s assumption of the presidency of the 43rd session, wishing them success in strengthening the GCC march in all fields.

3. The Supreme Council commended the outcomes of the GCC-US Summit held in Jeddah on July 16, 2022, within the framework of the strategic partnership between the GCC and the United States of America, and Jeddah Security and Development Summit between the GCC, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt and the United States of America, and valued their contributions to enhancing security and stability in the region and prosperity for its people.
4. The Supreme Council welcomed the convening of Riyadh Gulf-China Summit for Cooperation and Development and Riyadh Arab-China Summit for Cooperation and Development on December 9, 2022, and looked forward to their contribution to strengthening cooperation and strategic partnership relations with the Chinese side in a way that achieves common interests between them.
5. The Supreme Council praised the results of Bahrain Dialogue Forum East and West for Human Coexistence, which was held in early November 2022, under the patronage of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of the Kingdom of Bahrain, during the visit of Pope Francis, Pope of the Vatican; Dr. Ahmed Al-Tayeb, Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar and Chairman of the Council of Muslim Elders, to the Kingdom of Bahrain.

6. The Supreme Council welcomed the results of the second edition of the (Green Middle East Initiative) summit, which was held in Sharm El-Sheikh under the presidency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Arab Republic of Egypt on November 7, 2022, and the announcement of His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister, of the Kingdom’s donation of two and a half billion dollars in support of the initiative’s projects, stressing the importance of coordinating the joint efforts and the commitment of member states to international sustainability efforts in achieving the desired goals of the initiative to reduce global carbon emissions and contribute to increasing the region’s capabilities to achieve climate and environmental goals.
7. The Supreme Council praised the pioneering role played by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in confronting the phenomenon of climate change, and renewed its welcome and support for the UAE’s hosting of COP28 in 2023 to support international efforts in this framework. It also welcomed its declaration of commitment to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050.

8. The Supreme Council commended the success achieved in the parliamentary and municipal elections in the Kingdom of Bahrain, to consolidate political gains, protect achievements and support the march of progress and prosperity in the Kingdom.
9. The Supreme Council commended the Sultanate of Oman’s announcement of adopting the year 2050 as the date for achieving carbon neutrality, and stressed the pioneering importance it attaches to the gradual transition to renewable energy in the member states, in a way that contributes to improving environmental performance and mitigating the effects of climate change.
10. The Supreme Council expressed its welcome and support for the State of Qatar’s hosting of the meetings of the second part of the Fifth UN Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5), from 5 to 9 March 2023, at the level of heads of state and government.
11. The Supreme Council praised the success of the State of Qatar in hosting the FIFA World Cup 2022, its good organization, and its positive effects on human heritage and the civilizational, cultural and intellectual rapprochement among the peoples of the world. It also expressed its condemnation of the malicious media campaigns directed against the State of Qatar.

8. The Supreme Council commended the success achieved in the parliamentary and municipal elections in the Kingdom of Bahrain, to consolidate political gains, protect achievements and support the march of progress and prosperity in the Kingdom.
9. The Supreme Council commended the Sultanate of Oman’s announcement of adopting the year 2050 as the date for achieving carbon neutrality, and stressed the pioneering importance it attaches to the gradual transition to renewable energy in the member states, in a way that contributes to improving environmental performance and mitigating the effects of climate change.
10. The Supreme Council expressed its welcome and support for the State of Qatar’s hosting of the meetings of the second part of the Fifth UN Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5), from 5 to 9 March 2023, at the level of heads of state and government.
11. The Supreme Council praised the success of the State of Qatar in hosting the FIFA World Cup 2022, its good organization, and its positive effects on human heritage and the civilizational, cultural and intellectual rapprochement among the peoples of the world. It also expressed its condemnation of the malicious media campaigns directed against the State of Qatar.

The Palestinian cause:
41.The Supreme Council affirmed its firm positions on the centrality of the Palestinian cause, its support for the sovereignty of the Palestinian people over all the Palestinian territories occupied since June 1967, the establishment of an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital, and guaranteeing the rights of refugees, in accordance with the Arab Peace Initiative and the resolutions of international legitimacy, stressing the need to activate the efforts of the international community to resolve the conflict, in a way that fulfills all the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people according to those principles.
42.The Supreme Council praised the efforts exerted by the Arab countries to achieve national reconciliation to restore Palestinian national unity and Palestinian reunification, and achieve the interests of the Palestinian people.
43.The Supreme Council called on the international community to intervene to halt the targeting of the Palestinian presence in Jerusalem, the expulsion of Palestinians from their homes in East Jerusalem, attempts to change its legal character, demographic composition, and arrangements for Islamic holy places. This is in addition to attempts to impose Israeli sovereignty on them in flagrant violation of international law, international resolutions, and existing agreements in this regard, stressing the need to avoid unilateral measures.
44.The Supreme Council expressed rejection of any intention to annex settlements in the West Bank to Israel, in clear violation of the United Nations Charter, principles of international law and United Nations resolutions, including Security Council Resolution No. 2334 of 2016, the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice of 2004, and the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949. It also condemned Israel’s continued construction of settlement units in the occupied Palestinian territories, and called on the international community to put pressure on the Israeli authorities to reverse their settlement decisions that violate international laws and resolutions.
45.The Supreme Council praised the generous assistance provided by the GCC states to support the activities of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), calling on the international community to continue supporting UNRWA to continue its mission until the return of the Palestinian refugees.
Iran’s seizure of the three islands of the United Arab Emirates:
46. The Supreme Council reiterated its firm stances and previous decisions on condemning Iran’s continued seizure of the three islands (Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa) of the United Arab Emirates, and reaffirmed the following:
A. Supporting the sovereignty of the United Arab Emirates over the three islands of Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa, and over the territorial waters, airspace, continental shelf and exclusive economic zone of the three islands as an integral part of the territory of the United Arab Emirates.
B. Considering any decisions, practices or actions by Iran on the three islands as null and void that do not alter any of the historical and legal facts that approve the United Arab Emirates’ sovereignty over its three islands.
C. Calling on Iran to respond positively to the United Arab Emirates’ endeavors to resolve the issue through direct negotiations or resorting to the International Court of Justice.
Iran:
47. The Supreme Council stressed its firm stances and resolutions on relations with the Iran, stressing the need to adhere to the fundamental bases and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and international law, the principles of good-neighborliness, respect for the sovereignty of states, non-interference in internal affairs, peaceful resolution of disputes, non-use or threat of force and rejection of sectarianism.
48. The Supreme Council stressed that negotiations on Iran’s nuclear file and any future negotiations with Iran should include addressing its destabilizing behavior in the region, its sponsorship of terrorism and sectarian militias, its missile programs, the safety of international navigation and oil facilities. It also stressed the need for GCC states’ participation in those negotiations and all relevant regional and international discussions and meetings.
49. The Supreme Council expressed its full rejection of some officials’ statements from the Iranian government that included abuses and accusations against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and GCC states, expressing concern over Iran’s escalatory steps to tamper with regional security and stability, reaffirming its rejection of continuous Iranian interventions in the internal affairs of the GCC states and the region, fueling sectarian conflicts, and supporting, financing and arming militias, organizations and groups that fuel such conflicts, including providing them with ballistic missiles and drones.
50. The Supreme Council affirmed the readiness of the GCC states to cooperate and deal seriously and effectively with Iran’s nuclear issue in a way that contributes to achieving joint objectives and interests within the framework of respect for sovereignty, good-neighborliness policies and respect for international resolutions to ensure boosting regional and international security and stability.
51. The Supreme Council condemned Iran’s continued failure to fulfill its obligations and its excesses in raising uranium enrichment ratios beyond the need for peaceful uses and called on Iran to back down from this move and to fully cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
52. The Supreme Council stressed the importance of maintaining maritime and waterways security in the region and combating activities that threaten the security and stability of the region and the world, including the threat to maritime shipping and international trade routes, and oil facilities in the GCC states.
Yemen:
53. The Supreme Council commended the outcomes of the comprehensive Yemeni-Yemeni consultations held under the auspices of the GCC between March 29 and April 7, 2022, which reached an agreement among the Yemeni brothers on a roadmap and effective mechanisms towards strengthening their unity, restoring security and stability in Yemen and alleviating the suffering of the brotherly Yemeni people.
54. The Supreme Council affirmed its full support to the Presidential Leadership Council under the presidency of His Excellency Dr. Rashad Al-Alimi and supporting entities to enable the council to carry out its functions in realizing security and stability in Yemen, calling on Houthis to respond to the call of the Presidential Leadership Council to embark on negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations to reach a political solution in accordance with the relevant references of the Gulf Initiative and its executive mechanism, the outcomes of the Comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, and Security Council Resolution No. 2216 in a way that preserves Yemen’s unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.
55. The Supreme Council renewed its support for the efforts of the United Nations led by its Special Envoy for Yemen Hans Grundberg and the efforts of the United States Special Envoy for Yemen Tim Lenderking to reach a political solution as per the three references, commending the Yemeni government’s adherence to the humanitarian truce announced by the United Nations, calling for practicing international pressure on the Houthis to renew the humanitarian truce, lift the blockade on Taiz and open humanitarian crossings there as per the truce, and praising the United Nations Special Envoy to Yemen’s efforts to renew the truce in line with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiative announced in March 2021 to end the crisis in Yemen and reach a comprehensive political solution.
56. The Supreme Council called on the parties to the Riyadh Agreement to complete the implementation of the remaining provisions of the agreement, provide support to the Yemeni government to carry out its work, and accelerate development in liberated areas.
57. The Supreme Council commended the announcement of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of a package of vital development projects to support Yemen, implemented by the Saudi Development and Reconstruction Program for Yemen, which included 17 development schemes in the sectors of energy, transport, education, water, health and building the capacity of state institutions, with a value of USD400 million, in addition to offering USD200 million to provide oil derivatives for the operation of power plants to meet the Yemeni people’s priority needs and alleviate their suffering.
58. The Supreme Council reiterated the importance for brotherly and friendly countries to participate in providing economic, humanitarian and development support to Yemen in a bid to alleviate the suffering of the brotherly Yemeni people.
59. The Supreme Council praised the achievements of King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief), the development projects implemented by the Saudi Development and Reconstruction Program for Yemen, the humanitarian support provided by the Gulf Cooperation Council’s Office for Relief and Humanitarian Coordination to Yemen, the humanitarian and development assistance provided to Yemen by all states, and the efforts of the Saudi Project for Landmine Clearance in Yemen (MASAM) that managed to remove more than (371,952) mines and unexploded ammunition, and the clearance of 39,959,663 square meters of land in Yemen, where mines and unexploded ammunition were installed randomly by the Houthi terrorist militia and claimed the lives of innocent victims of children, women and the elderly.
60. The Supreme Council denounced the terrorist attacks carried out by the Houthi terrorist militia with drones targeting Al-Dabba oil port in Hadramout on October 21, 2022 during the docking of a crude oil shipping vessel at the port, and the Qana commercial port in Shabwa on November 9, 2022, during the unloading of an oil tanker with diesel in a clear violation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution No. 2216, and in violation of international laws and norms, which confirms the continued targeting of civilian and economic facilities, global energy supplies and corridors by the Houthi terrorist militia and those behind them. The Supreme Council stressed that those attacks were an escalation of the Iranian-backed Houthi terrorist militia after the end of the United Nations truce in Yemen, which the militia refused to extend and expand despite all efforts, and the Yemeni legitimate government’s keenness to provide all facilities to renew the truce out of its responsibilities to the Yemeni brotherly people.
61. The Supreme Council condemned Iran’s continued interference in the internal affairs of Yemen, the smuggling of military experts and weapons to the Houthi militia in clear contravention of Security Council Resolutions No. 2216, 2231 and 2624, referring to the British government’s announcement on July 7, 2022 that it seized shipments of sophisticated Iranian-made weapons and missiles in international waters in southern Iran on Janyary 28 and February 25, 2022, including 358 surface-to-air missiles and 351 cruise missile engines with a range of up to 1,000 kilometers, bound for the Houthis, and the announcement of the Fifth US Fleet’s of intercepting an Iranian vessel on November 8, 2022 that was carrying 70 tons of ammonium chlorate used in the rocket fuel industry, and 100 tons of explosive urea fertilizer en route from Iran to the Houthi terrorist militia, stressing the importance of preventing arms smuggling to the Houthi militia that threatens maritime freedom and global trade in the Bab al-Mandeb Strait and the Red Sea.
Morocco:
62. The Supreme Council stressed the importance of the special strategic partnership between the GCC and the Kingdom of Morocco, the implementation of the joint action plan, its consistent positions and resolutions in support of Morocco’s Sahara, and the preservation of the security and stability of the Kingdom of Morocco and its territorial integrity, commending the Security Council Resolution No. 2654 issued on October 27, 2022 regarding the Sahara.
Iraq:
63. The Supreme Council stressed its consistent stances and decisions regarding Iraq and supporting existing efforts to combat terrorism and achieve security and stability in Iraq, reiterating the importance of preserving Iraq’s territorial integrity, full sovereignty, Arab-Islamic identity, social fabric and national unity, and its support for combating terrorist groups and armed militias in order to uphold state sovereignty and law enforcement.
64. The Supreme Council congratulated His Excellency President Abdul Latif Rashid on his election as President of the Republic of Iraq and Mohammed Shia’ Al Sudani on his selection as Prime Minister, expressing its best wishes to Iraq and its brotherly people for further stability and growth.
65. The Supreme Council condemned the bombing that targeted the Kurdistan region in Iraq, endorsing what came in the statement of the Iraqi government on November 14, 2022, condemning what the Iranian side did, in terms of artillery and drone strikes, against several areas of the Kurdistan region of Iraq, which caused many civilian casualties, considering this a blatant violation of Iraq’s sovereignty and security.
66. The Supreme Council stressed the importance of Iraq’s commitment to the sovereignty of Kuwait and non-violation of international resolutions and agreements, particularly the Security Council Resolution No. 833 regarding the demarcation of the borders between the two countries and the agreement regulating maritime navigation in Khor Abdullah, signed between the two countries and deposited with the United Nations. The Council called on Iraq to complete the demarcation of the maritime borders with Kuwait beyond Mark 162, expressing its categorical rejection of any violation affecting the sovereignty of Kuwait and preserving its right to respond per legal channels.
67. The Supreme Council renewed its support for Security Council Resolution No. 2107 (2013), regarding the transfer of the prisoners’ file and missing persons, Kuwaiti property, and the national archive to the United Nations Mission (UNAMI), expressing the aspiration for Iraq to continue cooperation to ensure progress in all files, and calling on Iraq and the United Nations to make maximum efforts to solve these files.
Syria:
68. The Supreme Council reiterated its firm stances towards preserving the territorial integrity of Syria, respecting its independence and sovereignty over its territories, and rejecting regional interference in its internal affairs. The Council also affirmed its previous decisions regarding the Syrian crisis and the political solution based on the principles of (Geneva 1), Security Council Resolution No. 2254, and support for the efforts of the UN special envoy for Syria, Geir Pedersen, looking forward that the meetings of the Constitutional Committee in Syria would result in a consensus that would be supportive to the efforts made to reach a political solution to the Syrian crisis, renewing its support for the UN efforts to care for Syrian refugees and displaced persons, and ensure their safe return to their cities and villages, and reject any attempts to bring about demographic changes in Syria.
69. The Supreme Council stressed the importance of continuing all efforts to alleviate the suffering of the Syrian people, welcoming Security Council Resolution No. 2642 of July 12, 2022, regarding extending the mandate of the mechanism for the delivery of UN humanitarian aid across the border from Turkey to Syria for six months until January 2023.
Lebanon:
70. The Supreme Council reiterated the GCC’s firm positions with the Lebanese people and its continuous support for Lebanon’s sovereignty, security and stability, and for the Lebanese Armed Forces that protect its borders and counter the threats of extremist and terrorist groups, stressing the importance of implementing comprehensive structural political and economic reforms to ensure that Lebanon overcomes its political and economic crisis, and does not turn it into a launching platform for terrorists, drug smuggling or other criminal activities that undermine the security and stability of the region. The Supreme Council stressed the importance of extending the Lebanese government’s control over all Lebanese territories, including the implementation of the provisions of the relevant Security Council resolutions and the Taif Agreement, to exercise its full sovereignty, so there will be no weapons except with the approval of the Lebanese government, and no authority other than its authority.
71. The Supreme Council called on all Lebanese parties to respect the constitution and constitutional deadlines, and exert all efforts that would achieve the aspirations of the Lebanese people for stability, progress, and prosperity, praising the efforts of Lebanon’s friends and partners in restoring and strengthening confidence and cooperation between Lebanon and the GCC countries, and their support for the role of the Lebanese army and Internal security forces in preserving the security of Lebanon.
Libya:
72. The Supreme Council expressed concern about the repeated outbreak of armed clashes in the Libyan territories, which threatens the security and safety of the Libyan people and undermines the stability of the country, and affirmed the stance of the GCC states in support of Libya and the political track and relevant Security Council resolutions to preserve its security, stability, and sovereignty, and called on all Libyan parties to halt the clashes in a way that guarantees the cessation of escalation and stop the bloodshed, and to give priority to wisdom and reason, and to adopt political dialogue to resolve differences in a way that preserves Libya’s interests and achieves its people’s aspirations for development and prosperity.
73. The Supreme Council reaffirmed firm positions and decisions regarding the Libyan crisis, renewing its keenness to preserve the interests of the Libyan people, to achieve security, stability, and development in Libya, to ensure its sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity, to stop interference in its internal affairs, and for the exit of all foreign forces and mercenaries from Libyan territory, and support the UN efforts to reach a political solution, hold elections and unify state institutions, to achieve what the Libyan people’s aspirations, and to lay the foundations for security and stability.
74. The Supreme Council welcomed the appointment of Abdoulaye Bathily as UN Special Representative for Libya, wishing him success in reaching a political solution agreed upon by the Libyan parties.
Sudan:
75. The Supreme Council welcomed the joint declaration on December 5, 2022, regarding the agreement on a principled political framework and constitutional arrangements that will lead Sudan during the transitional period, reiterating the firm positions and decisions of the GCC regarding the importance of preserving Sudan’s security, safety and stability, achieving the aspirations of its people, and supporting dialogue between the Sudanese political parties, reviving the political process, encouraging consensus among the Sudanese parties, preserving the cohesion of the state and its institutions, and supporting Sudan in facing economic challenges.
Renaissance dam:
76. The Supreme Council reiterated that the water security of Sudan and Egypt is an integral part of Arab national security, and rejects any action or measure that would prejudice their rights in the Nile waters. The Council also affirmed the support of the GCC countries for all endeavors that would contribute to resolving the Renaissance Dam file in a manner that takes into account the interests of all parties, stressing the need to reach an agreement in this regard per the principles of international law and what was stipulated in the presidential statement of the Security Council issued on September 15, 2021.
Somalia:
77. The Supreme Council reiterated support for the Federal Republic of Somalia to consolidate the pillars of security and stability, strengthen the Somali national capabilities in combating terrorism, and respond to the challenges it faces at the current stage, especially as a result of the drought crisis affecting Somalia, and avoid its dangerous repercussions on food security in Somalia.
Afghanistan:
78. The Supreme Council emphasized the importance of restoring security and stability in Afghanistan and reaching a consensual political solution that takes into account the interests of all components of the Afghani people, in a way that achieves the aspirations of the Afghani people, and benefits regional and international peace and security, and calls on the de-facto authority to implement its obligations to ensure women’s right to education and work, to protect minorities, and to ensure that Afghani lands are not used by any terrorist groups, or exploited for the export of drugs.
The Russia-Ukraine crisis:
79. The Supreme Council reiterated that the stance of the GCC on the Russian-Ukrainian crisis is based on the principles of international law and the Charter of the United Nations, the preservation of the international order based on respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of states, non-interference in their internal affairs, and non-use or threat of force.
80. The Supreme Council affirmed its support for mediation efforts to resolve the crisis between Russia and Ukraine, a cease-fire, a political solution to the crisis, giving priority to the language of dialogue, and settling the conflict through negotiations.
81. The Supreme Council praised the success of Saudi Arabia’s mediation in releasing a group of prisoners and detainees from both sides.
82. The Supreme Council commended the humanitarian and relief assistance provided by the GCC countries to Ukraine.
83. The Supreme Council stressed the importance of continuing the grain export agreement from Russia and Ukraine via the Black Sea and expressing support for all efforts to facilitate the export of grain and all food commodities and humanitarian supplies to contribute to providing food security for the affected countries.
The GCC Secretary General Position:
84. The Supreme Council approved the desire of Kuwait to retain the position of Secretary General of the Gulf Cooperation Council for a second term, starting from the end of the current term of the Secretary General Dr. Nayef Falah Mubarak Al-Hajraf on January 31, 2023, provided that the Ministerial Council follows up on Kuwait’s nomination for its new candidate to uphold the position as of February 1, 2023, and complete the relevant procedures, expressing its deep appreciation for the great, sincere and distinguished efforts made by Dr. Nayef Falah Mubarak Al-Hajraf, Secretary General of the Gulf Cooperation Council, whose term of office will end at the end of January 2023, and his effective contributions to the joint action, during his term.
Presidency of the 44th session of the GCC:
85. The Supreme Council welcomed Qatar’s presidency of the Council’s upcoming 44th session.

    Source:
  • NNA