| 23 May 2024, Thursday |

Dr. Khalifa to “Sawt Beirut International”: Lebanon has not established its maritime borders at the United Nations

Israel took advantage of the Lebanese confusion about the amendment of Decree 6433 regarding Lebanon’s right to the maritime borders, and President Michel Aoun’s failure to sign the decree, to put pressure on Lebanon’s position in the fifth session that was held in Naqoura, which in turn led to the suspension of negotiations, Meanwhile American -Lebanese  and American-Israeli contacts are taking place to consider the fate of the sixth session, because any failure in resuming the negotiations threatens to stop it completely in the foreseeable future, according to diplomatic sources familiar with the file.

Strategic expert, Dr. Nabil Khalifa, says that Lebanon has not yet proven anything in the United Nations, all what it is doing is correcting mistakes by committing other mistakes. And it has corrected the second mistake with a third one . Lebanon must have more than the boundaries of Point 23, It is Line 61, which requires coordinates to be cleared and fixed. And now the American delegation comes after the president’s refusal to  sign the amendment. I expect that Lebanon is still in the past reality and that the negotiations until now are within the framework of the Hoff  line, meaning the 865 km, where the Americans proposed to give 535 km to Lebanon and 330 buffer zones, which Israel wants. And the United States may give the entire area, or 865, to Lebanon in order not to lose it or to lose part of it. Certainly, the Americans are sticking to the Hoff line and start negotiations based on  their old position, which Lebanon used to accept negotiating about.

Lebanon should have realized its demand’s limits and claim internal confirm, in order to realize the true extent that it can actually reach by negotiation, according to follow-up media. Noting that those in charge of this file are from the authority who only want to be shown but without any scientific awareness of the issue. And everything that happens has no value if it is not reported to the United Nations.

The sources raise a question about what extent can the United States reach through a solution by what is right  and not by what is imposed by the Israeli force, every time it demands  the area claimed by Lebanon, ie a total of 2,295 square kilometers, meaning until point 29 and not 23, as Israel relies on force and threat. And there is reliance on an American stance regarding demarcation based on right and standing by Lebanon to a large extent, especially as it is based on international law and the law of the seas. The circles pointed out that the United States will work to satisfy Lebanon in order to let it obtain a satisfactory level of its rights.

The Lebanese negotiating delegation adheres to Line 29, and Lebanon considers that ‘Tekhelet rock” settles the debate. “The borders are drawn in two ways, either by law or by force,” says the international expert on the law of the sea, Michel Foucher, who helped define and demarcate 226,000 km around the world. Law alone is good, and force alone is a big problem, according to circles. And it may be acceptable in some circumstances that any mediator in the border dispute can combine the law, meaning the right, with force. In the end, Lebanon will not give up its rights, and what is important is for it to follow a sound way to achieve it, not to get itself involved in the problem. And long as there is an internal problem, that is, with the signing of the decree, negotiations will remain within the framework of Line 23, that is, the 865-kilometer line, which Israel adheres to, and wants to get a third of it, or 330 kilometers, which is the size of the buffer zone.