In this report, we review the most important ministerial councils and governments that have been formed since the era of independence in 1943 until today.
77 government with different names, we start with the government of President Riad El Solh, which bore the name “Independence Government”.
In 1976, Salim al-Hoss headed the government and named it the “Reconstruction Government”, a year after the outbreak of the Lebanese civil war.
At that time, the country witnessed a descendant of governments, some of which were transitional and others under Syrian tutelage.
After the end of the war in 1990, President Omar Karami was assigned to form a government that lasted for one year and 20 days.
He was succeeded by Rashid Karami, who took over as prime minister in May 1992 and lasted only 18 days.
After that, the martyr Rafik Hariri headed a new government and called it “The Government of New Hopes.”
In 1998, President Salim al-Hoss assumed a cabinet that continued to serve for two years.
For the martyr Hariri to return and take over a government for three years and 363 days.
Omar Karmi headed a new government in 2004, but it fell in 2005 after the assassination of Martyr Prime Minister Rafic Hariri. Najib Mikati headed the cabinet after that, and his main task was to hold parliamentary elections.
Then, Lebanon witnessed the birth of five governments until the outbreak of the revolution of October 17, 2019, and the people overthrew the government of Saad Hariri after 271 days of its formation.
After that, Hassan Diab was assigned to form the government, and she resigned following the explosion of the Port of Beirut in the year 2020. After that, Ambassador Mustafa Adib, who did not meet with consensus from most parties, was assigned to entrust the task to Saad Hariri, but he was unable to form a government, so he later apologized for forming it.
Finally, we reach the Najib Mikati government, which was formed in 2021 and is currently a caretaker government after the parliamentary elections.
Today, attention is turning to the binding parliamentary consultations to nominate a prime minister during the remainder of the term. In the hope that it will form quickly and lay the foundation stone for reforms in light of the difficult living and economic conditions that Lebanon is going through.