Supporters of abortion rights expressed satisfaction on Friday as the U.S. Supreme Court upheld access to a commonly used abortion pill, but they also cautioned of an uphill battle ahead as the drug’s legal defense continues.
Less than a year after its conservative majority upended U.S. abortion access by reversing the seminal Roe v. Wade decision, which had legalized abortion in every state, the court’s decision to halt new limitations on the medicine was welcomed news.
Abortion providers had been stockpiling the abortion pill mifepristone or planning to switch to a new regimen amid the battle over the legality of a drug used in more than half of U.S. abortions.
Several providers said late on Friday they would pause plans to change their medication abortion protocol in light of the Supreme Court’s order.
“It’s the right decision and a huge relief,” said Joshua Sharfstein, a public health professor at Johns Hopkins University and a former FDA official. “The alternative would have not only undermined access to reproductive health care, it would have thrown into disarray drug regulation in the United States.”
Friday’s order will allow mifepristone to remain available with no new restrictions while a court battle that could take months or longer plays out.
The Supreme Court did not rule on the merits of the case, however, meaning that mifepristone could still be restricted or banned at a later stage in the case.
Abortion opponents said on Friday they were confident the court ultimately would rule in favor of the pill’s challengers, who contend that the FDA illegally approved mifepristone and then removed critical safeguards on what they call a dangerous drug.
“What the courts will see is a drug that does not cure a disease or alleviate the symptoms of a disease,” said Carol Tobias, president of National Right to Life. “It was developed to take the life of an unborn child and always has the potential to harm the mother.”
Several states where abortion remains legal, including California, Massachusetts and Washington, previously said they had begun stockpiling abortion drugs in advance of possible restrictions. Some Planned Parenthood clinics also said they had stockpiled at least a year’s worth of mifepristone.
California and other liberal states have promised to protect pharmacists who continue to dispense mifepristone if it is prescribed by doctors, even if FDA approval is withdrawn.
Mifepristone is taken with another drug called misoprostol to perform medication abortion in the U.S.
Nicole Erwin, a spokesperson for Planned Parenthood Alliance Advocates and Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest, Hawaii, Alaska, Indiana and Kentucky, said there was no longer an immediate reason to switch to a one-drug regimen using only misoprostol.
“The court ruled that access to mifepristone should remain unchanged while the case moves through lower courts, which means there is no need to move away from the current two-pill regimen,” she said.
But reproductive rights supporters said they remained concerned about the future risks to access as the case returns to the lower courts that had sought to restrict it.
“We’re still planning to stockpile both mifepristone and misoprostol just in case,” said Josie Urbina, a physician specializing in complex pregnancy at the University of California, San Francisco, Center for Pregnancy Options.