Climate change is projected to exacerbate conflicts in unstable and war-torn governments, resulting in greater death rates and much lower GDP, according to a research released on Wednesday by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Every year, the World Bank updates a list of nations classified as “fragile and conflict-afflicted states,” of which 39 are now in Africa. The report released on Wednesday covers all 61 nations that have been on the list since 2006.
It discovered that while climatic shocks may not trigger wars, they do intensify existing discontent and exacerbate other underlying vulnerabilities such as hunger and poverty.
Deaths from conflict as a share of the population could increase by close to 10 percent in fragile countries by 2060, the IMF said, adding that climate change could also push an additional 50 million people in fragile states into hunger by 2060.
Even though evidence of climate change is mounting after record temperatures across the world over recent months, the political will to take action has been eroded by economic weakness.
African leaders have said richer countries should provide more money to help them adapt to climate change and transition to greener energy, given that most African countries have produced a relatively tiny share of the emissions that cause global warming.
They are expected to try to reach a unified climate negotiating position at the African Climate Summit from September 4-6, ahead of the COP28 UN climate summit in the United Arab Emirates starting at the end of November.