| 23 May 2024, Thursday |

COP26: India PM Narendra Modi pledges net zero by 2070

India has promised to reduce its emissions to net zero by 2070, falling short of a key goal of the COP26 summit, which was for countries to commit to meeting that target by 2050.

At the Glasgow summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made the pledge, the first time India has set a net zero target.

Net zero, also known as carbon neutrality, refers to not adding to the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

China has announced plans to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060, while the United States and the European Union aim to achieve net zero emissions by 2050.

The Indian leader is among more than 120 world leaders who have gathered in Glasgow for the two-week conference.

On Monday, dozens of speakers, including UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, US President Joe Biden, and UN Secretary General António Guterres, laid out goals to address the climate crisis.

President Biden stated that the cost of inaction in addressing climate change increased with each day that the world waited.

However, he told delegates that the fight against global warming provided tremendous opportunities for global economies.

After China, the United States, and the European Union, India is the world’s fourth largest carbon dioxide emitter.

However, due to its large population, its emissions per capita are much lower than those of other major world economies. In 2019, India emitted 1.9 tonnes of CO2 per head of population, compared to 15.5 tonnes for the United States and 12.5 tonnes for Russia.

Modi made the pledge as part of his country’s five commitments.

They include a pledge for India to get 50 percent of its energy from renewable sources by 2030, as well as a one-billion-tonne reduction in total projected carbon emissions by the same year.