European Union member states will advocate for negotiators at this year’s UN climate summit, COP28, to reach an agreement on phasing out “unabated” fossil fuels on a global scale by the end of this decade.
“(The European) Council stresses that the transition to a climate-neutral economy will require a global phase-out of unabated fossil fuels and a peak in their consumption in this decade,” said a statement released after a meeting of EU environment ministers.
Burning coal, oil, and gas produces greenhouse gases that are themain cause of climate change
What does the agreement say
While putting up a united front, some EU member states opposed a complete phase-out.
A group of 10 EU countries, including Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Slovenia, wanted the bloc to demand a phase-out of all fossil fuels.
Another group of 10 countries, including the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Poland, and Slovakia, were more cautious and endorsed for a phase-out only of “unabated” fossil fuels, which would allow countries to continue burning coal, gas, and oil if they employ technology to capture the resulting emissions.
The EU’s agreement notes that emission-capturing technologies “exist at a limited scale and are primarily designed for reducing emissions in sectors where emission reduction is challenging.”
Spain’s Climate Minister, Teresa Ribera, expressed their commitment, stating, “We will take a leading role in these negotiations to demonstrate the EU’s unwavering dedication to the green transition and to inspire our global counterparts to follow our lead.”
Resistance expected at COP28 summit
The next step would be to see whether nations at the COP28, which begins on November 30 in Dubai, will reach a consensus on this issue.
Denmark’s global climate minister, Dan Jorgensen, said the EU position was “extremely ambitious.”
It is expected that fossil fuel-producing and consuming nations, including those who have previously resisted such phase-outs, such as Saudi Arabia, would oppose these measures at the COP28 summit.
Additionally, EU countries have jointly called for the phasing out of “inefficient” fossil fuel subsidies by 2030 and have stated that new coal-fueled power plants should not be established if the world aims to avert severe climate change.