On Tuesday, the United Nations General Assembly elected Algeria, Guyana, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, and South Korea to the United Nations Security Council for two-year terms beginning January 1, 2024, but Belarus, which is aligned with Russia in its invasion of Ukraine, was refused a seat.
Algeria, Guyana, Sierra Leone, and South Korea stood unopposed for a seat on the 15-member panel tasked with ensuring global peace and security. Slovenia defeated Belarus in the sole contested race. Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, and the United Arab Emirates will be replaced by the five elected states.
The Security Council is the only U.N. body that can make legally binding decisions such as imposing sanctions and authorizing use of force. It has five permanent veto-wielding members: Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States.
To ensure geographical representation, seats are allocated to regional groups. But even if candidates are running unopposed in their group, they still need to win the support of more than two-thirds of the General Assembly.
Guyana received 191 votes, Sierra Leone 188, Algeria received 184 votes, South Korea 180.
Slovenia won 153 votes to beat Belarus, which received 38 votes.
Belarus had been a candidate unopposed since 2007 for the 2024/25 Eastern European seat. Slovenia entered the race in December 2021 after a brutal crackdown by the authorities in Belarus on protests following a 2020 presidential election.
Russia has since used the territory of Belarus as a launchpad for its invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.
“The Russians have always argued that a lot of states support Ukraine in public at the U.N., but sympathize with Russia in private. But this secret ballot does not support that claim at all,” International Crisis Group U.N. Director Richard Gowan said.
Russia moved ahead last month with a plan to deploy tactical nuclear weapons in Belarus. It is the Kremlin’s first deployment of such weapons outside Russia since the 1991 fall of the Soviet Union.