The Human Rights Watch said on Thursday that Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro was violating their rights of freedom of speech and access to information by blocking critics on social media.
It has identified 176 accounts that were blocked by Bolsonaro, including those of journalists, members of congress and social media influencers with more than a million followers.
Social media has been a key means of public communication for Bolsonaro, helping him win office in 2018 and interact with supporters. He has 6.9 million followers on his Twitter account, 14.2 million on Facebook and 18.6 million on Facebook’s Instagram photo-sharing app.
“He is trying to rid his social media accounts of people and institutions that disagree with him and turn them into spaces where only applause is allowed,” said Maria Laura Canineu, Brazil director at Human Rights Watch.
As president, Bolsonaro has used social media to make official announcements, comment on foreign affairs and lash out at his opponents.
Blocked people can no longer comment on his posts, which prevents them from participating in public debate and stops journalists from asking questions, infringing on freedom of the press, Human Rights Watch said.
In April and June, the group posted messages on its Brazil Twitter, Facebook and Instagram accounts asking users if Bolsonaro had blocked them. More than 400 said yes, the vast majority on Twitter.
Among them, 176 provided screenshots showing their usernames. Most said they were blocked after publishing comments criticizing the government.
Blocked followers included the Brazil accounts of Amnesty International, Reporters without Borders and Human Rights Watch.
In a case involving former US President Donald Trump, a US court ruled in 2019 that a public official cannot block people from social media accounts used for official business just because they express views with which the official disagrees.