National Muslim groups have blamed sectarianism for the murders of four Muslim men in New Mexico over the past year, but Muslims who knew the victims and the alleged shooter suggest that personal grudges and retaliation were likely to blame.
Police detained Afghan refugee Muhammad Syed, 51, last week as the main suspect in the shooting deaths of four Muslim men in Albuquerque, the state’s largest city. Syed has denied involvement and will show up at a bail hearing on Wednesday. An inquiry for comment was not immediately answered by his attorney.
Detectives said an “interpersonal conflict” may have driven the shootings of men of Afghan or Pakistani descent.
The Council on Islamic-American Relations (CAIR) was among Muslim advocacy groups that quickly condemned the killings as possible “anti-Shia hatred.” Three of the victims were members of the Shi’ite minority Muslim sect. Syed is a Sunni Muslim, the majority sect.
Abed Ayoub, legal and policy director of the American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, said the killings were clearly anti-Shia. The Shia Racial Justice Coalition “condemned the heinous targeted killing of Shias.”
Shi’ite-Sunni tension is flaring in the Middle East and South Asia, including in Afghanistan where Shi’ites are frequently attacked by Sunni militants.
However, local Muslim leaders in New Mexico said it was inaccurate to call the killings sectarian, and feared the label could damage relations between Shi’ites and Sunnis who pray together at the Islamic Center of New Mexico, Albuquerque’s main mosque. The United States has not experienced significant Shi’ite-Sunni tensions.
“The simplicity of saying this is Sunni-Shia hate crime is so reckless,” said Samia Assed, a Palestinian-American human rights activist who hosted an interfaith vigil for the victims.
Mazin Kadhim was Syed’s refugee resettlement case worker when he arrived in Albuquerque about six years ago. When Syed’s daughter married Iftikhar Amir, a Shi’ite, against his will in 2018, Syed’s traditional male authority was challenged and he was humiliated, Kadhim said.
Syed has been charged with the July 26 murder of Amir’s friend Aftab Hussein, 41, a cafe manager and recent immigrant.
Kadhim said Syed harbored hatred toward Shi’ites but believes Hussein’s death was a revenge killing for his daughter and son-in-law’s defiance.
“It wasn’t Sunni and Shia, it was extremism,” said Kadhim, a Shi’ite who helped organize a Muslim unity march on Friday.
Syed’s daughter did not respond to a request for comment.
Afghan-American business owner Mula Akbar said Syed, a truck driver, treated women as “property,” seldom worked and would try to illegally exchange digital food stamps for cash at stores, including his own.
The food stamp scheme led to a dispute with supermarket owner Muhammad Ahmadi, 62, Akbar said. Ahmadi was shot dead Nov. 7, 2021, in a killing police linked to the three other deaths in July and August of this year.
Syed’s son Shaheen, 21, was arrested last week on firearms charges for providing a false address. During a Monday bail hearing, federal prosecutors linked the younger Syed to the Aug. 5 killing of Naeem Hussain, 25, a truck business owner. Shaheen Syed’s lawyer called allegations “speculative.”
Imtiaz Hussain, a relative of a victim, does not believe sectarian hate played any role in the Aug. 1 killing of his brother Muhammad Afzaal Hussain, 27, a city planning director who was Sunni. He dismisses claims he was mistaken as a Shi’ite. Syed was charged in the killing.
Imtiaz Hussain, a 41-year-old Pakistani lawyer, said he met Syed a few times at Albuquerque’s main mosque. Once, Imtiaz Hussain said he and his brother talked to Syed about Syed’s time as a refugee in Quetta, Pakistan after he left Afghanistan.
“He must have observed us praying in the same pattern as all other Sunni do,” said Imtiaz Hussain, who believes his brother was shot by more than one person.
Police are working with prosecutors on charges for the deaths of Naeem Hussain and Ahmadi.