Italy became one of the only European nations to make COVID-19 immunization mandatory for persons over 50 on Wednesday, in an effort to relieve burden on its health system and minimize mortality.
The legislation goes into effect immediately and will last through June 15.
Since the epidemic began in February 2020, Italy has recorded almost 138,000 coronavirus fatalities, the second largest toll in Europe behind the United Kingdom.
The administration of Prime Minister Mario Draghi had previously made vaccination mandatory for teachers and health professionals, and all employees have had to be vaccinated or present a negative test before entering the workplace since October last year.
Refusal results in suspension from work without pay, but not dismissal.
Wednesday’s decree toughens this up for workers over the age of 50 by removing the option of taking a test rather than vaccination. It was not immediately clear what the sanction would be for those flouting the rule, effective from Feb 15.
The decree was approved after a two-and-a-half-hour cabinet meeting which saw frictions within Draghi’s multi-party coalition.
“Today’s measures aim to keep our hospitals functioning well and at the same time keep open schools and business activities,” Draghi told the cabinet, according to his spokesperson.
Ministers from the right-wing League issued a statement distancing themselves from the over-50 vaccine rule, calling it “without scientific foundation, considering that the absolute majority of those hospitalized with Covid-19 are well over 60.”
The League succeeded in softening a previous draft of the decree which proposed that only people with proof of vaccination or recent infection could enter public offices, non-essential shops, banks, post-offices and hairdressers.
The final decree ruled that these venues will remain open to the unvaccinated so long as they can show a negative test.
Elsewhere in Europe, Austria has announced plans to make vaccination mandatory for those over 14 years old from next month, while in Greece it will be compulsory for over-60s from Jan 16.
Italy was hit later than several northern European countries by the highly contagious Omicron variant, but its case load has risen steadily in recent weeks, with growing pressure on hospitals and intensive care units.
It has seen an average of more than 150 deaths per day over the last two weeks, with 231 fatalities on Wednesday and 259 on Tuesday. The tally of 189,109 new infections on Wednesday was its highest since the start of the pandemic.
Around 74% of Italians have received at least two vaccination shots and 6% have had just one jab, according to Our World in Data. Some 35% have had a third “booster” shot.