The World Food Programme (WFP) reported on Wednesday that the number of people facing acute food insecurity has more than doubled to 345 million since 2019 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, conflict, and climate change.
According to Corinne Fleischer, the World Food Programme’s regional director, 135 million people globally suffered from extreme hunger prior to the coronavirus crisis. Since then, the numbers have risen and are predicted to rise even further as a result of climate change and violence.
The impact of environmental challenges is another destabilizing factor that can drive food scarcity and lead to conflict and mass migration happening.
“The world just can’t afford this,” Fleischer said. “We see now 10 times more displacement worldwide because of climate change and conflict and of course they are inter-linked. So we are really worried about the compounding effect of COVID, climate change and the war in Ukraine,” she said.
In the Middle East and North Africa, the impact of the Ukraine crisis has had massive repercussions, Fleischer said, underlining both the import dependency of the region and its proximity to the Black Sea.
“Yemen imports 90% of its food needs. And they took about 30% from the Black Sea,” Fleischer said.
The WFP supports 13 million of the 16 million people who are in need of food assistance, but that their assistance only covers half a person’s daily needs because of a lack of funds.
Costs had gone up 45% on average since COVID and Western donors have faced massive economic challenges with the war in Ukraine.
For oil exporting countries such as Iraq, that benefited from the surge in oil prices following the outbreak of the war in Ukraine, food security is at risk.
Iraq needs about 5.2 million tons of wheat but only produced 2.3 million tons of wheat, she said. The rest had to be imported, which cost more.
Despite state support, severe drought and recurring water crises are endangering the livelihood of smallholders all over Iraq, she said.