A Facebook report revealed that Russia and Iran are the countries that most use social networking sites to spread misinformation and incorrect information, according to the Voice of America website .
The report stated that Facebook’s security team investigated the nature of the work of more than 150 information networks in 50 countries that operated between 2017-2020.
According to the report, Russia is the largest provider of disinformation with 27 networks. Among which, 15 were networks linked to the Saint Petersburg-based Internet Research Agency (IRA) or other entities linked to Vinny Prigozhin, who has close ties to Russian President Vladimir Putin. In addition, 4 other networks are linked to the Russian intelligence services and two to Russian media.
Iran ranked second on the list with 23 networks, nine of which are government-linked or broadcasted from Tehran.
Myanmar ranked third with nine disinformation networks, followed by the United States and Ukraine. Facebook said the perpetrators in the United States were public relations companies, and in the case of Ukraine, political parties.
China, which US intelligence officials accused of conducting extensive operations to extend its influence, was not included in Facebook’s list of illegitimate disinformation networks, but not because Beijing was not active but because its activities were different from other foreign actors.
The Facebook report said: “China’s activity originating on our platform appears completely differently from influence operations from other foreign actors, a large majority of which were strategic communications using overt state channels such as state-controlled media and official diplomatic accounts.”
The report emphasized that arresting disinformation actors such as China and Russia is becoming increasingly difficult. He added, “We know that they will continue to search for new ways to circumvent our defenses, noting that disinformation efforts are evenly distributed between external and internal efforts.”