Russia disputed Ukrainian claims that it backed pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine in 2014 and discriminates against ethnic Tatars and Ukrainians in Crimea on Thursday, accusing Kyiv instead of “blatant lies” at the United Nations High Court.
Ukraine has asked the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague to order Russia to stop allegedly discriminating against the Tatar ethnic community in Crimea, a Ukrainian peninsula that Russia has occupied since 2014.
“Ukraine is constantly turning to blatant lies and false accusations leveled against the Russian federation,” the Russian ambassador to the Netherlands, Alexander Shulgin, said at the second day of hearings at the ICJ.
“Nothing could be further removed from the truth,” he said.
In the same case, a panel of 16 judges at the ICJ this week began hearing Ukraine’s assertion that Moscow violated a U.N. anti-terrorism treaty by equipping and funding pro-Russian forces, including militias who shot down Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17, killing all 298 passengers and crew in 2014.
Last November, a Dutch court convicted two Russians and a Ukrainian separatist in absentia for their role and sentenced them to life in prison. It found that Russia had “overall control” over the separatist forces.
Russia rejected what it called the “scandalous” decision by the Dutch court. On Thursday Russia’s ambassador-at-large Gennady Kuzmin told the ICJ the Dutch judgment was biased against separatist forces in the Donesk region.
“At the end of the day, Ukraine’s MH17 case boils down to nonsense,” Kuzmin said.
The hearings in the case at the ICJ, which stems from 2017, marked the first time lawyers for Ukraine and Russia met at the ICJ since Moscow launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24, 2022.
On the first day of the hearing Ukraine accused Russia of being a terrorist state who knowingly funded and equipped pro-Russian forces in Eastern Ukraine and tried to erase the culture of ethnic Tatars and Ukrainians in Crimea.
Russia denies systematic human rights abuses in Ukrainian territory that it occupies.
Ukraine will have a chance to reply to Russia’s case next week. The International Court of Justice, also known as the World Court, is expected to rule on the whole of the case before the end of this year.
The ICJ is the United Nations top court for disputes between states and its rulings are binding but have no enforcement mechanism.