An Islamist al Shabaab co-founder and spokesman was appointed minister for religious affairs by Somali Prime Minister Hamza Abdi Barre on Tuesday. This decision could either bolster the war against the rebels or spark new clan wars.
After helping to found the al Qaeda-affiliated organization al Shabaab and acting as its spokesperson, Mukhtar Robow had a $5 million U.S. bounty placed on his head.
Al Shabaab insurgents have killed tens of thousands of people in bombings in their fight to overthrow Somalia’s Western-backed central government and implement its interpretation of Islamic law.
Robow split from the group in 2013 and publicly denounced al Shabaab when he came to the government side in 2017.
But the relationship soured after he grew too politically powerful. Somalia’s previous government arrested Robow in December 2018 as he campaigned for the regional presidency of southwest state.
Security forces shot dead at least 11 people in the protests that followed, sparking criticism from the United Nations.
Robow’s new job sparked a flurry of hashtags on twitter crowing he had made it #FromPrisonertoMinister. He had been held under house arrest until recently.
His appointment could help strengthen government forces in his native Bakool region, where insurgents hold substantial amounts of territory but where Robow also commands support. Or it could fan flames with the region’s president, who sees him as a political rival.
“We welcome his appointment. The move will advance reconciliation and will serve as a good example for more high level al-Shabab defections,” said political analyst Mohamed Mohamud.
“Al Shabaab members who might be thinking of surrendering … can dream of serving their country at the highest levels.”
New President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, elected by lawmakers in May, has promised to take the fight to the insurgents after three years in which his predecessor, consumed by political infighting, took little action against al Shabaab.
That allowed the insurgents to build up substantial reserves of cash and carry out attacks over a wide swathe of Somalia. Last week scores of al Shabaab fighters and Ethiopian security forces were killed in clashes along the two nations’ shared border.