| 29 November 2023, Wednesday |

Sudan: 25 dead in tribal fighting, as truce talks stall

According to the country’s doctor union, 25 people were killed in tribal clashes that took place over several days in southern Sudan. This incident has sparked concerns that the ongoing conflict between the country’s rival top generals, which is currently focused on the capital, could result in more violence in remote provinces.

It remained unclear whether the tribal clashes were related to the brutal fighting which ignited mid-April across the country as a result of a power struggle between the military’s head Gen. Abdel Fattah Burhan and Gen. Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, who commands a powerful paramilitary group called the Rapid Support Forces, or the RSF.
The tribal violence in the south erupted on Monday between the Hausa and Nuba tribes in the city of Kosti, the capital of the White Nile province bordering South Sudan, according to Sudanese local media reports.
Deadly tribal violence is not uncommon in Sudan’s south and west, where disputes dating back to the country’s split from South Sudan remain unresolved.
The country’s wider conflict has so far claimed the lives of more than 600 people, including civilians, and displaced hundreds of thousands. The violence has also spread to other regions, namely the restive Darfur province. Last month armed fighters, many in RSF uniforms, rampaged through the city of Genena in West Darfur killing at least 100 people, according to the doctors’ group, the Sudanese Doctor’s Syndicate, which mainly tracks civilian fatalities.
The UN’s migration agency said that 700,000 people have now been displaced by the violence, in updated figures released Tuesday, more than double the tally from a week prior. Before the fighting started, 3.7 million people were already displaced internally, mainly in western Darfur, according to the agency’s figures.
A series of cease-fires has failed to stop the fighting and prompted foreign governments to speed up the evacuation of their citizens from the war-torn country.
Meanwhile, Sudan’s warring parties are holding talks in the Saudi coastal city of Jeddah, but have made little progress as of Monday regarding a more sustained humanitarian truce, a UN official in Sudan told The Associated Press.
The talks, the first since the fighting erupted, are a part of a Saudi-US initiative meant to stop the fighting.
The UN official added that the gap between the two sides’ positions remains wide, due to “deep mistrust”. He called for more pressure on the two generals, especially from their regional backers. The military has traditionally been backed by Egypt’s government, and the RSF has enjoyed support from the United Arab Emirates.
“They should give concessions to reach a compromise,” he said.
The military has demanded that the RSF withdraw from Khartoum’s neighborhoods and its hospitals, power and oil facilities to one central base outside the city, according to two senior military officials with direct knowledge of the talks.
Meanwhile, the paramilitary group is saying that it should retain control of all of the bases it had held prior to the conflict, including at key locations inside the capital, such as the Khartoum Airport, according to two RSF officials involved in the preparations for the talks. They said the RSF is also looking to ensure its ranks are still paid out of the national budget and that its wounded soldiers can receive adequate medical treatment.
All officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk the media because of the ongoing negotiations.
On Tuesday, the UN said its humanitarian chief Martin Griffiths had proposed “a declaration of commitments” to representatives of the rival Sudanese forces to guarantee the safe passage of humanitarian aid.
“We’re going to proceed with humanitarian operations, whether there’s a cease-fire or not as we do in conflict situations all around the world,” said the UN deputy spokesman Farhan Haq. “But in order to make sure that safe passage is guaranteed, we want the parties to adhere to a declaration of commitments.”

  • Arab News