Turkey’s current account (TRCURA=ECI) is predicted to show a rare surplus of $426 million in June, thanks in part to tourism and decreased energy expenses, but the deficit is expected to be $41 billion in 2023, according to a Reuters poll.
The June estimate is based on the median response of 14 economists, whose expectations varied from a $1.1 billion surplus to a $1 billion deficit in a poll conducted in June.
Turkey’s trade deficit, a major component of the current account, declined 37.3% year-on-year in June to $5.16 billion, data showed.
The median forecast of six economists for the current account deficit for the full year of 2023 was $41 billion, with estimates ranging between $38 billion and $50.8 billion.
“We expect the current account balance to improve sharply to a surplus in June on seasonal factors (including) a lower energy import bill and high tourism income, (and) monetary tightening that started after the elections,” Goldman Sachs said in a note.
Since June, the central bank has hiked its policy rate to 17.5% from 8.5% and pledged further tightening to fight inflation, while the government has introduced tax and fee hikes to boost budget income.
“We are seeing the first signs of this tightening in June BoP but risks remain,” Goldman told clients.
“Although the upward tax adjustments and the slowdown in loan growth are likely to offset this going forward, we think the gradual unwinding of macroprudential measures and the uncertainty around the funding of the budget can undermine the (central bank’s) ability to continue tightening.”
In recent years, President Tayyip Erdogan’s unorthodox policies – including sharp interest rate cuts in the face of inflation – led to a currency crisis, which stoked prices and sent inflation to a 24-year high of 85.5% last year.
But after his May election victory, Erdogan named a new cabinet to undertake an economic policy U-turn, and the government is expected to update its economic forecasts for the next three years in September.
The central bank is scheduled to announce June current account data at 0700 GMT on August 11.