| 19 April 2024, Friday |

Turkish central bank net reserves rise to $-3.17 billion as Ankara loosened grip on foreign-exchange market

The Turkish central bank’s net foreign exchange reserves increased by $2.5 billion from a historic low to stand at $-3.17 billion as of June 9 as Ankara relaxed its control over the foreign exchange market and the lira suffered a severe decline last week, according to figures released on Thursday.

In the week ending June 2, the central bank’s net reserves decreased to $-5.7 billion, the lowest level since the data series started being released in 2002 as officials worked to fend off FX demand and stabilize the value of the lira.

The net reserves are down more than $30.5 billion since the end of 2022 and turned negative last month for the first time since the first five weeks of 2002.

The central bank’s forex reserves have sagged in recent years due to costly market interventions and other efforts to cool forex demand.

Demand for dollars in Turkey surged to record levels last month on companies’ and individuals’ expectations that the lira, which lost 44% in 2021 and 30% in 2022, would plunge after the elections.

The currency has lost some 20% so far this year, sharpening its decline last week in what traders said was a sign of Ankara moving away from state controls towards a freely traded currency.

The exchange rate used by Reuters on Thursday was 23.3212. The net forex reserves are pushed deeper into negative territory once outstanding swaps, which stood at $36.95 billion on Wednesday, are deducted.

The central bank’s gold reserves declined $252 million to $41.99 billion in the week to June 9, while the gross forex reserves fell $449 million to $57.79 billion, bringing the decline in total reserves in that period to $701 million, data showed.

Note: The figures are released every week on the central bank balance sheet as per a letter of intent with the International Monetary Fund dated 18 January 2002. The figures are released in Turkish liras and are converted by Reuters to U.S. dollars using the central bank’s official exchange rate from the previous work day.

  • Reuters