Turkey’s foreign minister called a separatist Kurdish group operating in northern Iraqi territory an adversary of both Turkey and Iraq, and encouraged the Iraqi government to declare the group a terrorist organization, as Ankara has.
During his first visit to Baghdad since entering office, Turkish Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan pushed Iraq to designate the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, as a terrorist organization.
The trip came ahead of an anticipated visit by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, after what has been months of escalating hostility between Türkiye and Turkish-backed groups on one side, and Kurdish fighters in Iraq and Syria on the other.
In a statement after meeting with his counterpart, Fidan urged Iraqi officials to “not allow our mutual enemy, the PKK terrorist organization, to poison our bilateral relations.”
While Baghdad has frequently complained that Turkish airstrikes in northern Iraq are a breach of its sovereignty, Fidan described the PKK’s activities there as a “challenge against Iraq’s sovereignty,” accusing the group of “occupying” areas in Iraq and seeking to link Iraq to neighboring Syria with a “terror corridor.”
The PKK question is expected to loom large during a visit by Erdogan, along with the resumption of oil exports from northern Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region via the Ceyhan port in Türkiye.
Officials in Baghdad and Erbil, the seat of the Kurdish regional government, have long been at odds over sharing of oil revenues. In 2014, the Kurdish region decided to unilaterally export oil through an independent pipeline to Ceyhan.
Türkiye halted oil shipments from the Kurdish region through Ceyhan in March, following a ruling by the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris, which sided with Baghdad, holding that all oil exports should go through Iraq’s state-owned oil marketing company, SOMO. The ruling required Ankara to compensate Baghdad for unauthorized oil exports from the Kurdish regional government from 2014 to 2018.
Iraqi Foreign Affairs spokesperson Ahmed Al-Sahaf said a high-ranking Iraqi delegation, led by the oil minister, is currently in Türkiye.
Iraq’s Foreign Affairs Minister Fouad Hussein said following his meeting with Fidan that they had discussed the oil issue and were close to finalizing a solution. Hussein said the discussions with his Turkish counterpart had also focused on water issues.
The countries have been at odds over management of shared water resources, amid intensifying droughts in Iraq.
“Given our shared challenges with climate change and Iraq’s historical reliance on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers originating in Türkiye, it’s crucial for Iraq to receive its fair share of water,” Hussein said.
The two foreign ministers also spoke about recent public holy Quran-burnings in Europe, which sparked mass protests in Iraq, some of them violent. Fidan said if the two Muslim-majority countries “remain united, those who attack our sacred values will think twice before taking such action.”
Hussein said around 700,000 Iraqis reside in Türkiye, with 850 Turkish companies operating in Iraq. Fidan added that bilateral trade has reached $25 billion.
Fidan is next scheduled to visit Irbil and meet with the Kurdish region’s Prime Minister Masrour Barzani.