On Thursday, a bipartisan group of US legislators introduced parallel proposals in the Senate and House of Representatives that would force the US to discuss the name of Taiwan’s de facto embassy in Washington as the “Taiwan Representative Office,” a move that is sure to irritate China.
It is now known as the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO), after the capital city of the island.
If the measures are passed, any change in the name of the office could provide cover for smaller countries to take similar steps to increase engagement with Taiwan, which China claims as its own territory.
It would also be certain to create a new rift in U.S.-China relations, already at their lowest point in decades as Washington seeks to push back against what it sees as Beijing’s growing economic and military coercion.
The United States, like most countries, does not have official ties with democratically governed Taiwan, but is its biggest international backer.
The bills direct the Secretary of State to “seek to enter into negotiations” with TECRO to rename its office as the “Taiwan Representative Office.”
Republican Senator Marco Rubio and the Democratic chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Bob Menendez sponsored the Senate bill, with Republican John Curtis and Democrat Chris Pappas leading on the House version.
“The U.S. must make clear that, despite all efforts by the Chinese Communist Party to intimidate and coerce Taiwan, hostile powers have no right to claim sovereignty over democratic countries,” Rubio said.
Menendez told Reuters the bills were consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act defining the United States’ unofficial ties with Taiwan, and demonstrate Washington’s support for Taiwan “to determine its own future.”
“We must take this step to strengthen our diplomatic partnership with Taiwan and counter China’s repeated attempts to threaten and coerce nations around the globe,” Pappas said.
The White House and U.S. State Department and China’s embassy in Washington did not respond immediately to requests for comment.
China chafes at any international references to Taiwan it sees as suggesting the island is its own country.
It downgraded its diplomatic relations with Lithuania and pressed multinationals to sever ties with the country after Taiwan opened an office in Vilnius last year called the Taiwanese Representative Office in Lithuania.
Beijing, which has never renounced the use of force to ensure eventual unification with Taiwan, calls the island’s status the most sensitive issue in U.S.-China relations and the basis for ties between the two superpowers.