Twenty-five Republican congressmen in the United States urged President Joe Biden to increase financing for the country’s submarine fleet, citing the recent three-nation AUKUS deal to supply Australia with nuclear-powered submarines as well as concerns about China’s growing military might.
“We support the vision of the Australia-United Kingdom-United States (AUKUS) partnership and its potential to transform the Indo-Pacific strategic landscape.” “The AUKUS agreement is critical, but we must also protect US national security,” the legislators wrote in a letter.
They said the plan to sell three attack submarines to Australia would “unacceptably weaken” the U.S. fleet without a clear plan to replace them.
The letter was led by Senators Roger Wicker, the top Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, and Susan Collins, the top Republican on the Senate Appropriations Committee.
They said Biden should make an “AUKUS-specific” spending request along with a multi-year plan to increase U.S. submarine production to a minimum of 2.5 Virginia-class attack submarines per year, compared with the 1.2 such submarines currently being produced.
The Virginia class submarines were designed by General Dynamics Electric Boat and Huntington Ingalls Industries.
The multi-stage AUKUS project announced in March is planned to culminate in the late 2030s and early 2040s with British and Australian production and operation of a new submarine class – SSN-AUKUS – and include “cutting edge” U.S. technologies.
Before that, in the early 2030s, the United States is supposed to sell Australia three U.S. Virginia class nuclear-powered submarines, with an option for Australia to buy two more.
Big questions remain, however, over issues including U.S. curbs on the extensive technology sharing needed and how long it will take to deliver the Virginia-class submarines, given limited U.S. production capacity, even as the perceived threat posed by China that inspired the project mounts.