Albin Kurti, the prime minister of Kosovo, said on Monday that despite reservations about Western demands for greater rights for local Serbs that have so far impeded a peace agreement, he approved a proposed European Union plan aimed at normalizing relations with Serbia.
Last month, Western envoys warned Kosovo and Serbia that failing to respond to a request to embrace an 11-point plan to ease tensions left over from the 1998–1999 war would result in repercussions from the EU and US.
Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2008, a decade after a guerrilla uprising against Belgrade’s rule. Over the past decade the two have been holding normalisation talks under EU mediation, with their success key for Pristina’s and Belgrade’s aspirations to join the wealthy bloc.
The 11-point plan calls for implementation of past deals, including the creation of an association of semi-autonomous Serb-majority municipalities that Kurti has opposed, saying it would effectively partition the country along ethnic lines, a criticism rejected by Western mediators.
“We do accept the EU proposal for normalisation of relations between Kosovo and Serbia, and consider it a good basis for further discussion and a solid platform for moving forward,” Kurti twitted after meeting EU’s envoy Miroslav Lajcak in Pristina.
“Certain questions on international guarantees, implementation mechanisms and time sequencing will be addressed soon during the Brussels talks ahead.”
Last week, Kurti said he might be willing to take into consideration the formation of the association, but only if it complied with Kosovo’s constitution and was not based solely on ethnic grounds.
Kosovo in 2013 pledged to give more autonomy to local Serbs, who refuse to recognise its 2008 independence, through such an association as part of a peace deal. However, Kosovo’s highest court said some parts of the deal violated the constitution and should be changed before it takes effect.
The proposed 11-point deal would not require Serbia to recognise the independence of its former province, but Belgrade would have to stop lobbying against Kosovo’s membership in international bodies.
The two countries would also have to open representative offices in each other’s capitals and work on resolving outstanding issues.
Ethnic Serbs account for around 100,000 of Kosovo’s 1.8-million population, with about half of them living in the north of the country and most refusing to recognise Pristina’s authority.
Serbia’s President Aleksandar Vucic told parliament last week that Western envoys warned Belgrade that if Serbia did not accept the proposal, its EU membership talks would be halted and access to pre-accession funds and investments denied.